South Korea’s exports expanded at their fastest pace in 11 years in 2021, with the total export value reaching a record high, supported by post-pandemic recoveries in global demand.
For the full year, exports rose 25.8% from a year earlier to $644.54 billion, trade ministry data showed on Saturday, the fastest pace since 2010.
That also marked the first growth in three years after contractions of 5.5% and 10.4% in 2020 and 2019, respectively.
“Now is the time to head towards the $700 billion export-era … The trade ministry will step up policy efforts so that industries and exports can tow the complete (economic) normalisation this year,” Minister Moon Sung-wook said.
A breakdown by items showed exports of semiconductors jumped 29% year-on-year to a record $128 billion, while those of petrochemicals also surged 54.8% to a record $55.1 billion. Other items such as cars and steel jumped 24.2% and 37%, respectively.
By destination, exports to China, South Korea’s biggest trading partner, rose 22.9%, and those to the United States and the European Union jumped 29.4% and 33.9%.
Meanwhile, imports for the full year jumped 31.5% to a record $615.1 billion, rebounding from a 7.1% contraction in 2020.
Moon also said the ministry is reviewing joining the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and aims for more trade pacts to expand its export markets.
Saturday’s data also showed exports in the final month of the year expanded 18.3% year-on-year, extending growth into a 14th straight month, though the rate was slower than 32% in November.
Total exports stood at $60.74 billion in December, the largest ever monthly figure.
A 35.1% jump in semiconductors exports led December growth, while overall exports to China and the United States also soared 20.8% and 22.9%, respectively.